The following paper serves as a sectoral background note for the regional report ‘managing Uncertainty: Adapting to Climate Change in Europe and Central Asia Countries’. It focuses on what is known about the implications of climate change for extreme weather and the ability of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) to mitigate and manage the impact of extreme events. It also explains how climate change will increase weather-induced disasters in ECA, highlighting the sensitivity of ECA’s population to these hazards, and recommending various measures in the area of financial and fiscal policy, disaster risk mitigation, and emergency preparedness and management, to reduce current and future vulnerabilities. The goals of this paper are to: (i) present forecasts on how climate change will affect weather-related hazards and secondary effects, and what impact the extreme hydro-meteorological phenomena will have on the countries of Europe and Central Asia; and (ii) provide an overview of measures to mitigate and manage these risks.
The problem of climate change involves a fundamental failure of markets, namely that those who cause damage by emitting greenhouse gases generally do not pay. This global problem requires a collaborative, global response. Leadership, acceptance of differentiated responsibilities, emission targets and trading must be at the heart of any future global agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Developed countries must lead the way in taking action by: adopting ambitious emission reduction targets of their own; promoting rapid
technological progress to mitigate the effects of climate change; supporting programs to combat deforestation; encouraging effective market
mechanisms; and honoring their aid commitments to the developing countries
Climate-related shocks and stresses are increasing in frequency and magnitude, causing damages to infrastructure systems and disruptions in the provision of services. Yet there is not sufficient investment needed to infrastructure systems’ climate resilience. The global urban infrastructure investment gap alone is estimated to be over US$4.5 trillion per year, with a premium of 9-27% is required to make infrastructure low carbon and climate- resilient Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are a key entry-point to mobilise private sector finance to bridge this gap and must be resilient to climate change and work to build the resilience of the communities they serve. The Climate-Resilient
Infrastructure Officer (CRIO) Handbook provides tools and guidance on how PPP practitioners can best integrate and advocate for climate-resilient infrastructure.
The Water Climate Discussion series is creating a space to come together and help the water sector build its leading role in addressing the climate crisis. The series is the result of close collaboration between water institutions who have come together recognizing climate change as an existential threat and wish to have a voice promoting a key message: water is climate.
This report has been produced based on the discussion lead by Lucien Damiba from WaterAid, Trevor Bishop of WRSE, and the participants’ interaction during the first discussion of the series: Adaptation and Resilience, on Thursday, 13 May 2021. Chapter numbers refer to chapter markers in the video recording of the discussion.
This document intends to depict the existing situation in Chihuahua City, capital of the state of Chihuahua, in the northern region of Mexico, including its climate context, water situation, wastewater treatment infrastructure, and greenhouse gas emissions from this process. To achieve this goal, the methodology of this project comprises an extensive literature research on climate change, the context of Mexico, and international case studies; communication with organizations and authorities in Chihuahua that provide valuable data and information, and calculations based on literature and on the guidelines of WaCCliM.
The present report focuses specifically on incorporating resilience into the engineering design of drinking water and sanitation infrastructure. It focuses narrowly on resilience in relation to three hazards, floods, droughts, and high winds. The focus is on these hazards because they are the
main threats that climate change is expected to pose to water infrastructure.
Celebrating World Water Day 2021 on March 22nd, six experts, backed by five organizations (Stockholm Environment Institute, GIZ, Viva con Agua, WaterWorX and EXP-Consult) present a plea for greater and wider collaboration to shape the water sector to become more climate resilient. Improved management of water and sanitation services is fundamental not only for climate change adaptation but also for mitigation – and collaboration plays a major role in this. The report published under the umbrella of SuSanA describes important guidelines as well as specific approaches and regulatory framework conditions for cross-sectoral collaboration, as well as case studies from around the world. Low-carbon and climate-resilient water and sanitation services are technically feasible and economically viable. Cross-sectoral collaboration is needed, but must be done proportionately, with due consideration of opportunities and risks. With an appropriate regulatory framework in place, this can add important value for the implementation of SDGs and the Paris Agreement.